Two Main Types of Conveyor Systems

The conveyor is undoubtedly a staple in the materials handling sector. Cartons, pallets, totes, components and manufactured goods can move for miles on conveyor systems across production facilities, warehouses as well as distribution centers. As the demand for lower cost, better throughput plus integrated automation increases, so does the demand for conveyor systems of varying types. The following are the two common types of conveyor products and solutions that you can find at companies like Belle Banne Conveyor Products available to industrial facility managers.

Non-powered conveyor systems

They represent the basic type of conveyor systems and employ the natural forces of gravity or inertia to keep items moving from one location to another within an industrial manufacturing facility.


  • Skatewheel conveyor- Requires a small amount of energy for its wheels to rotate which makes it excellent at sustaining the speed of an item. Given that each wheel rotates autonomously, statewheel conveyor make for a perfect alternative for the curved sides of a conveyor line
  • Roller- This type of conveyor is largely used in workstations as well as pick up modules as it offers an excellent working surface and is generally cheaper compared to a skate wheel conveyor. Furthermore, it's also better at reducing the inertia of items emanating from a speedy automated sorter and serve as a takeaway conveyor or used for packing products onto the rear end of a truck.

Powered conveyor systems

They represent the most dominant conveyor products and solutions on the market. In terms of moving products and other rather small items, two types of powered conveyor systems take the lead. They include belt conveyor along with powered roller conveyor.

  • Belt conveyor – With this type of conveyor system, an AC motor powers a pulley that then rotates a lengthy, lopped belt. The belt may be made of different materials with different surfaces, based on the packages it is designed to transport. For instance, a belt surface may be smooth if you wish to slide a product off a conveyor effortlessly or ribbed to afford it extra grasping power. Belt conveyors provide a steadier surface for the transportation of various small and light items including envelopes, poly bags and electronics.
  • Roller conveyor-The majority of today's distribution facilities are characterized by roller conveyors as they allow for product accumulation. Through accumulation, the conveyor system is able to store a package for a set period of time and then convey it into a sorter. No pressure accumulation signifies items on the conveyor don't touch one another, while minimum pressure accumulation allows the items to make contact but with a limited extent of impact that will not result in damage.

Customers want materials handling machines, such as conveyor systems, to keep up with their needs; therefore, suppliers need to design conveyor products and solutions that are simple to incorporate and that could scale up a system to accommodate increased flow of items when necessary.